What is Ailurophobia?
Ailurophobia (also spelled “elurophobia” or “aelurophobia”) is an extreme fear of cats, often regardless of the kind or domesticity of the animal.
For the ailurophobic, the possibility of an encounter with a cat – such as planning to visit someone’s home for the first time without knowing if they have pets – can lead to symptoms. (A confrontation with an animal is not required, and even media exposure can trigger symptoms.)
Other names for this phobia are gatophobia (from the Spanish “gato” for cats) or felinophobia.
It is also called galeophobia from the Greek root word for cats; “galemacr”. It is also related to agrizoophobia (fear of wild animals) and zoophobia (fear of animals).
Animal phobias are common and individuals may fear more than one animal.
Symptoms of Ailurophobia
Extreme Anxiety, Dread
- Shortness of Breath
- Rapid Breathing
- Heart Palpitations
- Excessive Sweating
- Dry Mouth
- Confusion / Inability to Articulate Clearly
- Lack of Focus
- Feelings of Powerlessness
- Obsession with the Subject of the Phobia
- Fear or Feelings of Losing Control
- Avoidance Behavior
Causes of Ailurophobia
Unlike many other phobias, Ailurophobia may be grounded in physical factors such as an allergy.
Ailurophobia is a specific (or “isolated”) phobia, centered on non-social key factors. Isolated phobias tend to have some previous trauma (often in childhood and often physically injurious) as a root cause; a fear of bees may stem from an injury in childhood, for instance.
Upbringing can also play a role, such as parental warnings about a direct threat (such as “snakes can bite and kill you”) which is especially notable in cases where a threat is more imminent. (An allergy to bees or peanut butter, for instance, would naturally reinforce a real medical concern.)
It is thought that genetics and hereditary factors may play a role in specific phobias, especially those related to a danger of injury. (A primal “fight or flight” reflex may be more easily triggered in those with a genetic predisposition, for instance.)
By contrast, social phobias (like a fear of body odor or touch) are less well understood, are driven by social anxiety and are broadly labeled as “social anxiety disorder”.
In all kinds of phobias, external experiences and / or reports can further reinforce or develop the fear, such as seeing a family member or friend who is affected. In extreme cases, indirect exposures can be as remote as overhearing a reference in conversation, seeing something in the news, on TV, or in the movies.
Ailurophobia, like most phobias, stems from a subconscious overprotection mechanism, and as with many phobias can also be rooted in an unresolved emotional conflict.
Treatments for Ailurophobia
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)
- Habit Strategies To Relax
- Cognitive Therapy (CT)
- In Vivo Exposure
- Response Prevention
- Group Therapy
- Energy Psychology