What is Chirophobia?
Chirophobia is an irrational and persistent fear of hands, one’s own or those of others. This phobia is related to the fear being touched (Aphephobia, Aphenphosmphobia, Chiraptophobia, Haphephobia, and Haptephobia).
Phobics may commonly cover their hands, using gloves even in warm weather, and may even avoid washing their hands. Contact with others by hand shaking or other forms of intimacy may also cause discomfort or avoidance, in extreme cases leading to social avoidance and isolation.
The root word 'chiro' is Greek meaning 'hand' and the word 'phobia' comes from the Greek word ‘phóbos’ meaning 'fear.'
Symptoms of Chirophobia
Extreme Anxiety, Dread
- Shortness of Breath
- Rapid Breathing
- Heart Palpitations
- Excessive Sweating
- Dry Mouth
- Confusion / Inability to Articulate Clearly
- Lack of Focus
- Feelings of Powerlessness
- Obsession with the Subject of the Phobia
- Fear or Feelings of Losing Control
- Avoidance Behavior
Causes of Chirophobia
Chirophobia is a specific (or “isolated”) phobia, centered on non-social key factors. Isolated phobias tend to have some previous trauma (often in childhood and often physically injurious) as a root cause; a fear of bees may stem from an injury in childhood, for instance.
Upbringing can also play a role, such as parental warnings about a direct threat (such as “snakes can bite and kill you”) which is especially notable in cases where a threat is more imminent. (An allergy to bees or peanut butter, for instance, would naturally reinforce a real medical concern.)
It is thought that genetics and hereditary factors may play a role in specific phobias, especially those related to a danger of injury. (A primal “fight or flight” reflex may be more easily triggered in those with a genetic predisposition, for instance.)
By contrast, social phobias (like a fear of body odor or touch) are less well understood, are driven by social anxiety and are broadly labeled as “social anxiety disorder”.
In all kinds of phobias, external experiences and / or reports can further reinforce or develop the fear, such as seeing a family member or friend who is affected. In extreme cases, indirect exposures can be as remote as overhearing a reference in conversation, seeing something in the news, on TV, or in the movies.
Chirophobia, like most phobias, stems from a subconscious overprotection mechanism, and as with many phobias can also be rooted in an unresolved emotional conflict.
Chirophobia, like most phobias, generally occurs in response to some trauma in a person’s past. In this case, medical issues may play a role, as an injury to the hands may make someone overly conscious of their hands. In other cases, the hands of others may represent violence. Someone who has been injured through domestic violence, for instance, may generate a fear of hands.
Treatments for Chirophobia
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)
- Habit Strategies To Relax
- Cognitive Therapy (CT)
- In Vivo Exposure
- Response Prevention
- Group Therapy
- Energy Psychology