What is Cholerophobia?
Cholerophobia is the abnormal and irrational fear of contracting cholera, an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, transmitted in contaminated water.
This fear does not require exposure to untreated water or local risk factors, etc., to form. A phobic may drink only boiled water or bottled water, etc., and in extreme cases may avoid water altogether.
Cholera is prevalent in many tropical regions and produces almost continuous, watery diarrhea often accompanied by vomiting and muscle cramps that can lead to severe dehydration. Untreated, cholera can be fatal but proper treatment, including fluid replacement and antibiotics, results in a high recovery rate.
The root word 'cholero' is Greek meaning 'a bilious disease' in which the intestines are subject to violent discharge and the word 'phobia' comes from the Greek word ‘phóbos’ meaning 'fear.'
Symptoms of Cholerophobia
Extreme Anxiety, Dread
- Shortness of Breath
- Rapid Breathing
- Heart Palpitations
- Excessive Sweating
- Dry Mouth
- Confusion / Inability to Articulate Clearly
- Lack of Focus
- Feelings of Powerlessness
- Obsession with the Subject of the Phobia
- Fear or Feelings of Losing Control
- Avoidance Behavior
Causes of Cholerophobia
Cholerophobia is a specific (or “isolated”) phobia, centered on non-social key factors. Isolated phobias tend to have some previous trauma (often in childhood and often physically injurious) as a root cause; a fear of bees may stem from an injury in childhood, for instance.
Upbringing can also play a role, such as parental warnings about a direct threat (such as “snakes can bite and kill you”) which is especially notable in cases where a threat is more imminent. (An allergy to bees or peanut butter, for instance, would naturally reinforce a real medical concern.)
It is thought that genetics and hereditary factors may play a role in specific phobias, especially those related to a danger of injury. (A primal “fight or flight” reflex may be more easily triggered in those with a genetic predisposition, for instance.)
By contrast, social phobias (like a fear of body odor or touch) are less well understood, are driven by social anxiety and are broadly labeled as “social anxiety disorder”.
In all kinds of phobias, external experiences and / or reports can further reinforce or develop the fear, such as seeing a family member or friend who is affected. In extreme cases, indirect exposures can be as remote as overhearing a reference in conversation, seeing something in the news, on TV, or in the movies.
Cholerophobia, like most phobias, stems from a subconscious overprotection mechanism, and as with many phobias can also be rooted in an unresolved emotional conflict.
Treatments for Cholerophobia
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)
- Habit Strategies To Relax
- Cognitive Therapy (CT)
- In Vivo Exposure
- Response Prevention
- Group Therapy
- Energy Psychology