What is Cleisiophobia?
Cleisiophobia, also known as Cleithrophobia or Clithrophobia, is a social phobia of being locked in an enclosed space. Rides that utilize shoulder harnesses or other tight-fitting restraints, locked rooms, and MRI chambers are common triggers.
The root word 'cleithro' is Greek meaning to 'shut' or 'close' and the word 'phobia' comes from the Greek word ‘phóbos’ meaning 'fear.'
Symptoms of Cleisiophobia
Extreme Anxiety, Dread
- Shortness of Breath
- Rapid Breathing
- Heart Palpitations
- Excessive Sweating
- Dry Mouth
- Confusion / Inability to Articulate Clearly
- Lack of Focus
- Feelings of Powerlessness
- Obsession with the Subject of the Phobia
- Fear or Feelings of Losing Control
- Avoidance Behavior
Causes of Cleisiophobia
Cleisiophobia is a social anxiety disorder. Social phobias result in avoidance of social situations due to fear of being embarrassed in public and affect men and women equally. Extreme social anxieties often start in childhood or adolescence due to social traumas, embarrassments, etc., and may be accompanied by other anxiety disorders or depression.
The origins of social anxiety disorders are not as well-understood as specific (or “isolated”) phobias, where a direct fear of injury from some specific animal, thing or situation forms a clear basis for the fear. Even so, hereditary factors may be present, such as a genetic tendency to be “high strung”, nervous, etc.
In all kinds of phobias, external experiences and / or reports can further reinforce or develop the fear, such as seeing a family member or friend who is affected. In extreme cases, indirect exposures can be as remote as overhearing a reference in conversation, seeing something in the news, on TV, or in the movies.
Cleisiophobia, like most phobias, stems from a subconscious overprotection mechanism, and as with many phobias can also be rooted in an unresolved emotional conflict.
Cleisiophobia is triggered by confinement in any space. Although often confused with Claustrophobia, the fear of tight spaces, Cleisiophobia is actually the fear of being trapped in an enclosed space, not simply tight spaces. While a person suffering from Claustrophobia may be affected by any small spaces, a Cleisiophobic would be perfectly fine entering a small space as long as there are no restraints.
Treatments for Cleisiophobia
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)
- Habit Strategies To Relax
- Cognitive Therapy (CT)
- In Vivo Exposure
- Response Prevention
- Group Therapy
- Energy Psychology