Kenophobia: Fear of Empty Spaces

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Kenophobia is a relatively rare phobia, but one that can be quite debilitating for those who suffer from it. People with kenophobia often fear open spaces and may feel uncomfortable or anxious in any environment that is not densely populated.

This irrational fear can lead to several problems in everyday life, including difficulty traveling, socializing, or working in certain occupations. Kenophobia is often treated with therapy and exposure to help people manage their fear and live more normal lives.

What is Kenophobia?

The kenophobia definition is the fear of voids or emptiness. The word kenophobia comes from the Greek word kenos, meaning “empty,” and phobos, meaning “fear.” People with this abnormal fear may feel uncomfortable in vast open spaces, and they may avoid activities like flying or skydiving.

This particular phobia can be a standalone anxiety disorder or it may be a symptom of another condition, such as agoraphobia or claustrophobia. People who have a history of anxiety or panic disorder may be more likely to develop kenophobia.

Additionally, some experts believe that the intense fear may be caused by an imbalance in the inner ear fluids. People with this phobia often find their symptoms to be debilitating.

What are the Symptoms of Kenophobia?

People with this phobia may experience anxiety when they are in open spaces or when they are surrounded by too much empty space. They may also avoid places like parking lots, parks, and wide-open streets. In severe cases, kenophobia can cause people to experience panic attacks.

Symptoms of a panic attack may include chest pain, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, and dizziness. Additionally, people with kenophobia may have trouble traveling, socializing, or working in certain occupations such as security or law enforcement or other places where they would be required to patrol large open spaces.

How Does Kenophobia Affect Those Who Suffer From It?

For most people, the idea of going outside is a pleasant one. The sun on your face, the breeze in your hair – it can be invigorating. But for those suffering from kenophobia, the very thought of being outdoors is enough to cause panic. Kenophobia is the fear of vast open spaces, and it can have a debilitating effect on sufferers.

Many kenophobes feel claustrophobic in even small spaces, and the wide-open expanse of a park or beach can be terrifying. The condition can also make it difficult to travel, as airports and train stations can be especially daunting. For kenophobes, even everyday activities like going to work or taking the kids to school can be a struggle.

What are the Causes of Kenophobia?

While the exact causes of this phobia are not known, several theories attempt to explain it. One theory suggests that kenophobia is caused by a fear of the unknown. A fear of big empty spaces (which can be similar to megalophobia) is often associated with uncertainty and danger, which can trigger feelings of intense anxiety in vulnerable individuals.

Another theory suggests that the fear of empty spaces is linked to claustrophobia or the fear of enclosed spaces. People with claustrophobia may feel trapped and suffocated in empty rooms, leading to a feeling of panic.

Finally, it’s also possible that kenophobia is caused by a traumatic event such as being lost in a large crowd or being stranded in a remote location. Environmental factors can also be a factor in some cases.

How is Kenophobia Diagnosed?

This particular phobia is typically diagnosed by a mental health professional such as a psychiatrist or psychologist. During the diagnosis process, the professional will ask questions about your symptoms and medical history.

They may also administer a physical exam to rule out any medical conditions that could be causing your emotional and physical symptoms. Additionally, you may be asked to complete a psychological evaluation to assess your level of anxiety. In some cases, you may also be asked to keep a journal of your psychological symptoms. This can help the mental health professional identify patterns in your anxiety.

Is There a Cure for Kenophobia?

There is no known cure for this phobia, but treatment can help people manage their symptoms and live normal, productive lives, especially with the help of mental health professionals.

Exposure therapy, which is a type of cognitive behavior therapy, in which people gradually expose themselves to the things they fear, is often used to treat kenophobia. This type of therapy can help people overcome their fear of open spaces by gradually increasing their exposure to them.

In some cases, medication may also be prescribed to help manage anxiety. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a type of medication often used to treat anxiety disorders. SSRIs work by increasing levels of serotonin in the brain, which can help reduce anxiety. Deep breathing has also been known to help people deal with this phobia.

Phobias Similar to Kenophobia?

Several phobias share similarities with kenophobia – an abnormal fear. One of these is agoraphobia, which is the fear of public places. People with agoraphobia may feel anxious in open spaces such as parks or crowded streets.

Another similar phobia is claustrophobia, as mentioned earlier. Claustrophobia is the fear of enclosed spaces, and people with this phobia may feel anxious in small rooms or elevators.

Another similar phobia is scopophobia, which is the fear of being stared at. This phobia can cause people to feel anxious in open spaces where they may feel like they are being watched.

Finally, social anxiety disorder is a condition that causes people to feel anxious in social situations. This can include activities such as going to work or attending a party. Like kenophobia, a social anxiety disorder can make everyday activities difficult to manage.

Read more about the difference between fear and phobias.


The fear of empty spaces can be a difficult condition to live with, but there are treatments available that can help. If you think you may have kenophobia, it’s important to speak with a mental health professional. They can help you identify your symptoms and develop a treatment plan. With the right support, you can learn to manage your fear and live a normal, productive life.

FAQ – Kenophobia: Fear of Empty Spaces

Why are people scared of empty spaces?

People are afraid of empty spaces because they feel exposed and vulnerable in an open area. When we’re in an open space, we can see everything around us and there’s nothing to obstruct our view. This makes us feel insecure and vulnerable, since there’s nothing blocking someone from coming up behind us or attacking us. Additionally, an open space often feels like it goes on forever and there’s no end in sight (which can be similar to the fear of the color black). This can be really disorienting and make people feel scared or lost. It also gives people a sense of emptiness or loneliness, since there’s nobody around to connect with.

Can someone overcome the fear of empty spaces?

There’s no single answer to this question since fear of empty spaces can be caused by a variety of factors, such as a fear of the dark, a fear of being alone, or a fear of heights. However, start by gradually exposing yourself to smaller and smaller doses of the thing that scares you. For example, if you’re afraid of the dark, start by sitting in a dimly lit room for five minutes, and then gradually increase the amount of time you spend in the dark.

Does kenophobia affect a lot of people?

While it is difficult to estimate the prevalence of kenophobia, it is safe to say that many people suffer from this fear, just like pyrophobia (fear of fire). This is likely due to the fact that kenophobia can manifest in a number of ways. This fear can be debilitating for some people and can severely limit their quality of life.