Ophidiophobia: Fear of Snakes

  • Time to read: 7 min.

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Do you get a chill down your spine when you see a snake? Do you feel an irrational fear when near one, or even just hearing about them? If so, then it’s likely that you suffer from ophidiophobia. This is the scientific name for an intense and excessive fear of snakes. It affects millions of people around the world and can be debilitating in some cases.

Ophidiophobia has been documented since ancient times, but modern science has only recently begun to understand why this phobia exists in some individuals.

In this blog post, we will take a closer look at ophidiophobia: its causes, symptoms, treatments available, and strategies for managing the fear if it becomes too overwhelming. We hope that by understanding more about this condition we can help those who are struggling with it find relief.

What is Ophidiophobia

Ophidiophobia is a type of specific phobia, an irrational fear of snakes that disrupts people’s daily lives. The term ophidiophobia comes from the Greek word “ophis,” which means snake, and “phobia,” which means fear. The word ophidiophobia literally translates to “fear of snakes.”

Many people with ophidiophobia experience an anxiety disorder or panic attack when seeing or thinking about snakes. The intensity of their fear can vary from person to person. Some people may experience only slight discomfort, while others may be so terrified that they avoid any area where snakes could be present, such as woods or parks.

Origins of Ophidiophobia

The origin of ophidiophobia can be traced to ancient times, where snakes were often portrayed as evil creatures associated with death and destruction. In the Bible, the serpent is the symbol of temptation in the Garden of Eden.

In Greek mythology, snakes were often associated with dangerous creatures, such as the Hydra. In African cultures, snakes were viewed as powerful beings with magical properties.

Today, ophidiophobia affects millions of people worldwide. People with this common phobia are often reluctant to seek help due to the stigma associated with mental health illnesses. However, there are many effective treatments available, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, exposure therapy, and medication.

Causes of Ophidiophobia

The fear of snakes is not just a learned behavior, but it can also be attributed to several factors. Some of the primary exact causes of ophidiophobia include evolutionary factors, negative experiences with snakes, cultural and societal influences, and genetic predisposition.


Evolutionary factors play a significant role in the development of ophidiophobia. Humans have evolved to have an innate fear of snakes due to the potential danger they pose. (I mean, some snakes can kill humans!)

Our ancestors who were afraid of snakes were more successful in avoiding them and surviving, which means that the fear of snakes may have been passed down through generations.

Negative Experiences

Negative experiences with snakes (like an actual threat) can also contribute to the development of ophidiophobia. For example, if someone has been bitten by a snake or witnessed someone else being bitten, they may develop a fear of snakes as a result of the trauma. This could also be associated with trypophobia, the fear of small holes, especially when you see snakes come out of those holes.

Cultural Influences

Cultural and societal influences also play a part in the development of ophidiophobia. In many cultures, snakes are seen as symbols of evil or danger in a person’s life, which can reinforce the fear of snakes in susceptible individuals, causing them to develop fear responses.


Finally, genetic predisposition can also contribute to the development of ophidiophobia. Some people may be more genetically predisposed to developing fears and phobias, including the severe fear of snakes due to a family history or family members with snake phobia.

Symptoms of Ophidiophobia

The symptoms of ophidiophobia can vary in intensity from person to person, but they generally include feelings of panic, terror, and intense anxiety when confronted with a snake, similar to how people with acrophobia, of the fear of heights, have anxiety with tall objects.

For some people, simply seeing or hearing about a snake can trigger intense feelings of extreme fear and an immediate anxiety response. Others may experience physical symptoms such as sweating, trembling, and heart palpitations when they encounter a snake or even teh mere mention of this reptile.

Ophidiophobia can also lead to avoidance behaviors, such as avoiding certain outdoor areas, refusing to participate in activities that may involve snakes (such as hiking or camping), and even avoiding movies or television shows that feature snakes.

Treatments for Ophidiophobia

Fortunately, there are several treatments available to help people overcome their ophidiophobia.

Exposure Therapy

One of the most popular treatments for treating phobias is exposure therapy. During this type of therapy, a person is gradually exposed to snakes in a controlled environment, starting with pictures or videos of a real or cartoon snake (or even a toy snake) and gradually moving on to live snakes.

The theory behind exposure therapy is that the more a person is exposed to and becomes familiar with snakes, the less fearful they will be and the less panic attacks or anxiety attacks they will have.


Another treatment option to overcome phobias is cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). This approach focuses on changing the thought processes and behaviors that are associated with phobia. CBT uses techniques such as relaxation exercises, exposure therapy, and cognitive restructuring to help people overcome their fear of snakes.


Some people may find medication helpful in managing their ophidiophobia. Anti-anxiety medications, such as benzodiazepines, can help reduce the symptoms of anxiety associated with exposure therapy. However, medication is not a long-term solution and should always be used in combination with other treatments.


Finally, mindfulness-based therapies may also be helpful in treating ophidiophobia. Mindfulness practices, such as meditation and deep breathing exercises, as well as talk therapy, can help people become more aware of their thoughts and feelings, which can reduce the intensity of their phobia.

Managing Fear and Anxiety Related to Snake Phobia

If you’re struggling with this condition, there are several strategies you can use to manage your fear response and anxiety. 

First, it’s essential to understand that fear is a natural and normal response to potential danger. However, in the case of ophidiophobia, the fear is often disproportionate to the actual danger and risk of encountering a snake. Knowing this can help you recognize that your fear is not necessarily rational and that you can take steps to manage it and your mental health.

As I mentioned previously, one effective strategy is exposure therapy, which involves gradually exposing yourself to an actual snake in a controlled and safe environment, like pet stores or your local zoo. This can help reduce the intensity of your fear over time and allow you to face your specific phobia head-on.

There are also various relaxation techniques, such as meditation, self-soothing, deep breathing, and visualization, that can help you manage your anxiety.

Another important approach is education. Learning more about snakes, their behavior, and their habitats can help demystify these creatures and reduce your fear of them. You can speak to a professional or seek out trustworthy resources, such as books, documentaries, or websites, to gain a better understanding of snakes.

In addition to these strategies, it’s worth considering seeking professional help. A therapist or counselor can help you work through even your mild ophidiophobia and develop tailored strategies to manage your intense fear and anxiety. They can also help address any underlying issues that may be contributing to your phobia.

Final Thoughts on Overcoming Ophidiophobia

All in all, ophidiophobia is a very real and potentially debilitating condition. Fortunately, many treatments are available to help people manage their fear and anxiety related to snakes. Exposure therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and mindfulness therapies are all effective ways of dealing with the most common specific phobias like ophidiophobia.

Additionally, education and relaxation strategies can help reduce the intensity of the phobia. Lastly, professional help may be necessary to get to the root cause of the specific phobia and develop tailored strategies to manage it. With the right support, overcoming ophidiophobia is possible.

FAQ – Ophidiophobia: Intense Fear of Snakes

Do I have ophidiophobia?

If you experience fear or anxiety when you encounter a snake, it’s possible that you have ophidiophobia. If the intensity of your fear is disproportionate to the actual risk of being harmed, then it’s likely that you have this condition.

Why am I terrified of snakes?

Being terrified of these reptiles is often rooted in our evolutionary history, as humans have been hard-wired to be wary of these creatures due to their potential danger. Additionally, our experiences and beliefs can influence the level of our intense fear. If you have had a negative experience with venomous snakes in the past or have been exposed to messages about their danger, then you may be more likely to develop ophidiophobia.

How many people suffer from ophidiophobia?

It is estimated that around 5% of the world’s population suffers from this specific phobia. It is most common in children, but it can also affect adults. If you are experiencing severe anxiety when encountering snakes, it is important to talk to a mental health professional about your symptoms so that they can help you manage them.