Hypnophobia | Fear of Sleep
What is Hypnophobia?
Hypnophobia, also termed Clinophobia or Omniphobia, is the often irrational and excessive fear of sleep.
This fear is unexpectedly common and sleep disturbances like nightmares, stress about work or relationships can lead to or reinforce it. Those who have frequent nightmares are at greater risk.
The name originates from the Greek word 'hypnos' meaning 'god of sleep' and the word 'phobia' comes from the Greek word ‘phóbos’ meaning 'fear.'
Symptoms of Hypnophobia
Extreme Anxiety, Dread
Shortness of Breath
Confusion / Inability to Articulate Clearly
Lack of Focus
Feelings of Powerlessness
Obsession with the Subject of the Phobia
Fear or Feelings of Losing Control
Causes of Hypnophobia
Hypnophobia is a specific (or “isolated”) phobia, centered on non-social key factors. Such phobias tend to have some previous trauma (often in childhood and often physically injurious) as a root cause; a fear of bees may stem from an injury in childhood, for instance.
Upbringing can also play a role, such as parental warnings about a direct threat (such as “snakes can bite and kill you”) which is especially notable in cases where a threat is more imminent. (An allergy to bees or peanut butter, for instance, would naturally reinforce a real medical concern.)
It is thought that genetics and hereditary factors may play a role in specific phobias, especially those related to a danger of injury. (A primal “fight or flight” reflex may be more easily triggered in those with a genetic predisposition, for instance.)
By contrast, social phobias (like a fear of body odor or touch) are less well-understood, are driven by social anxiety, and are broadly labeled as “social anxiety disorder”.
In all kinds of phobias, external experiences and / or reports can further reinforce or develop the fear, such as seeing a family member or friend who is affected. In extreme cases, indirect exposures can be as remote as overhearing a reference in conversation, seeing something in the news, on TV, or in the movies.
Hypnophobia, like most phobias, stems from a subconscious overprotection mechanism, and as with many phobias can also be rooted in an unresolved emotional conflict.
The world of dreams can be a frightening one and can lead to a fear of going to bed to a fear of nightmares. Those with sleep disorders may develop phobic reactions to bed as well.
General unhappiness or stress can be a powerful trigger. Many phobics report a feeling of dread on Sunday night just knowing they have to work in the morning, for instance.
Treatments for Hypnophobia
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)
Habit Strategies To Relax
Cognitive Therapy (CT)
In Vivo Exposure