What is Russophobia?
Russophobia is the irrational and abnormal fear of Russia, Russians, and Russian culture. It often results from stereotypes of Russians as “end-of-the-world-class” (nuclear) enemies, such as those prevalent during the Cold War. Pro-Russian propagandists use this term to counter anti-Russian sentiments. In extreme cases, this phobia can lead to bomb shelter preparation, survivalist behaviors, etc.
Russophobia is considered a specific phobia. The name is derived from 'Russo', which is the prefix for Russia and the stem of the original name of the Russian people. Additionally, the word 'phobia' comes from the Greek word ‘phóbos’ meaning 'fear.'
Symptoms of Russophobia
Extreme Anxiety, Dread
- Shortness of Breath
- Rapid Breathing
- Heart Palpitations
- Excessive Sweating
- Dry Mouth
- Confusion / Inability to Articulate Clearly
- Lack of Focus
- Feelings of Powerlessness
- Obsession with the Subject of the Phobia
- Fear or Feelings of Losing Control
- Avoidance Behavior
Causes of Russophobia
Russophobia is a specific (or “isolated”) phobia, centered on non-social key factors. Isolated phobias tend to have some previous trauma (often in childhood and often physically injurious) as a root cause; a fear of bees may stem from an injury in childhood, for instance.
Upbringing can also play a role, such as parental warnings about a direct threat (such as “snakes can bite and kill you”) which is especially notable in cases where a threat is more imminent. (An allergy to bees or peanut butter, for instance, would naturally reinforce a real medical concern.)
It is thought that genetics and hereditary factors may play a role in specific phobias, especially those related to a danger of injury. (A primal “fight or flight” reflex may be more easily triggered in those with a genetic predisposition, for instance.)
By contrast, social phobias (like a fear of body odor or touch) are less well-understood, are driven by social anxiety, and are broadly labeled as “social anxiety disorder”.
In all kinds of phobias, external experiences and / or reports can further reinforce or develop the fear, such as seeing a family member or friend who is affected. In extreme cases, indirect exposures can be as remote as overhearing a reference in conversation, seeing something in the news, on TV, or in the movies.
Russophobia, like most phobias, stems from a subconscious overprotection mechanism, and as with many phobias can also be rooted in an unresolved emotional conflict.
Stereotypes about Russia can underlie Russophobia. Some people may fear something specific, such as the Russian Mafia or the KGB.
Treatments for Russophobia
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)
- Habit Strategies To Relax
- Cognitive Therapy (CT)
- In Vivo Exposure
- Response Prevention
- Group Therapy
- Energy Psychology